Let’s find out what Miso is, how the different types are classified in macrobiotic cuisine and its recipes. Miso is a food product found in the form of a dark and more or less dense paste, depending on the quality. It is obtained by fermenting soybeans, in water and salt, together with other cereals.
Classification Of Miso In Macrobiotic Cuisine
The types of Miso are divided mainly by the duration of the fermentation to which the soy has been subjected and by the yin or yang polarity according to the macrobiotic cuisine. Miso is essentially a moderate yang food of the macrobiotic diet because it is salted and fermented and because its action is to heat but, according to the principle of relativity of yin/yang polarities.
According to which there are no absolutes but only complementary and relative foods to each other, different types of Miso have different yang shades. On a descending scale from the most yang to the least yang, we can classify the most common types of Miso as follows:
- HATCH MISO: obtained from the fermentation of soy alone for 24 months i. It is the Miso with the strongest flavor and is very salty. It is the most yang and is used above all for healing soups. It is gluten-free;
- KOME MISO or RICE MISO: fermented soybeans and rice. For its qualities, it is recommended in the colder months ;
- MUGI MISO or BARLEY MISO: fermented soybeans for 18 months and barley. Due to its qualities, it is recommended in the warmer months;
- Simple SOY MISO: obtained by fermenting only soybeans for 12 months, so it has a lighter flavor than all the others.
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Simple And Quick Recipes With Miso
Miso soup Miso can be used in many ways. The best-known recipe is simple miso soup :
Ingredients For Two People
- 550 milliliters of water
- A piece of Wakame seaweed of about 5 cm (to be soaked before cooking)
- 1 large carrot
- 1 onion
- 1 leek
- 3 teaspoons of Miso
- A few drops of shoyu (or of tamari if you are intolerant to wheat)
- We cut the vegetables and boiled them with the seaweed for a few minutes until they softened. At the end of cooking, turn off the heat and add the miso paste previously dissolved in a little water. We stir until it has completely dissolved in the broth, add the shoyu to taste for flavor and serve hot.
Noodles In Miso Soup
Another well-known recipe with Miso is noodles in miso soup :
Ingredients for two people:
- 550 milliliters of water
- A piece of Kombu seaweed of about 5 cm
- 150 grams of Tofu
- 100 grams of carrots
- 1 leek
- Grated ginger to taste
- 4 teaspoons of Miso
- 100 grams of noodles (rice noodles)
We cut the vegetables and the seaweed and boil them in the water over low heat until they are softened. Add the diced Tofu and cook for another 10 minutes. Turn off the heat and add the Miso dissolved previously in warm water. We mix, add the spaghetti, cover and let it rest for 5 minutes. Sprinkle it with grated fresh ginger, and the soup is ready.
Variations Of Miso Soup
Miso can also be used for pasta soup, replacing the noodles (rice noodles) with semolina or wheat pasta or with any other cereal added already cooked to the base soup. There are many variations to experiment with: using the vegetables usually found in winter and choosing the type of Miso that best suits your taste, you can cook many soups.
The principles are simple: use seasonal vegetables and only mix up to three varieties in the same soup. Miso soup is usually recommended at the beginning of a meal to favor the assimilation and digestion of what is subsequently ingested. Miso can be an alternative to bouillon cubes and salt to flavor risottos, soups, and velvety.
It must be remembered that Miso is a living food rich in fermentation. Therefore it is advisable to add it to dishes without cooking it. When the flame is out, after having dissolved it in a little hot water before mixing it, please leave it to rest for a few minutes before serving; this is the only way to keep its rebalancing qualities intact.
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